Topkapı Palace is the place that is associated with Hagia Sophia, is one of the most important symbols of Istanbul, and is home to almost every member of the Ottoman Dynasty after the conquest.
Topkapı Palace, one of the first places that comes to mind when Istanbul is mentioned, welcomes thousands of visitors every day with all its majesty, despite its age of 500 years. Having a natural splendor with its location in Sarayburnu, Topkapı Palace received the title of 'Saray-ı Cedid', which means 'New Palace', by Fatih Sultan Mehmet because it was the second palace built after the conquest of Istanbul, but later on, Topkapusu Beach Palace was burned down. got its name.
Topkapi Palace, which took 18 years to build and opened for use in 1478, continued to develop and grow for centuries with the Ottoman state philosophy. Even Mimar Sinan, the famous architect of the 16th century, added only one building to this rather modest structure.
The palace, which is surrounded by the walls called 'Sur-ı Sultani' on land, is surrounded by Byzantine walls from the sea. An important part of Topkapı Palace, located on an area of 700 thousand square meters, is reserved for Hasbahçe. The palace, which mainly consists of two organizations as Birun and Enderun; In addition to the three main gates called Babüsselam, Bab-ı Hümayun and Babüssaade; The Harem consists of Hasbahçe, that is, Gülhane, and four courtyards.
With the end of the Ottoman monarchy in 1922, this place was transformed into a palace-museum by the order of Gazi Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and opened on April 3, 1924.